Briefing: Azerbaijan attack on the Line of Contact with Nagorno-Karabakh

In the early hours of Sunday 27th September, Azerbaijan forces attacked the line of contact with Nagorno-Karabakh. It soon emerged that this was a major offensive which has seen engagement take place along the entire border.

Azerbaijan claims that these attacks were in a response to a ceasefire violation from Armenia but has yet to make a convincing supporting case for this version of events. This explanation also fails to explain the rationale for this level of response or its ability to deploy such a large mobilisation at short notice. Claims of ceasefire violations from both sides are a common occurrence yet they have not previously resulted in largescale mobilisations of this kind.


Click here to download the document.



Collection of war threat statements by Azerbaijani officials

Azerbaijani officials, mainly the President Ilham Aliyev, have been consistent in their war rhetoric with regard to Nagorno-Karabakh, frequently threatening to take the region back by military force. The document you can find below is a collection of their war threats and hate speeches. The first version was presented by EuFoA in 2015. We have recently updated the collection and now it goes until July 31, 2018. The articles are organised in a chronological way, with the first one being the most recent.

Events near Aghdam or “Khojaly events”

On the night of 25th to 26th February, 1992, following months of complete blockade and heavy shelling of the Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR) capital, Stepanakert, NKR armed units started a military operation to take out artillery positions and bring an end to the blockade of Stepanakert, because Khojaly served one of positions used by Azerbaijani troops in the siege of Stepanakert.

That same night, 12 kilometres away from Khojaly, in the area near the town of Aghdam, controlled by Azerbaijani forces, civilians  were found dead and many aspects of these events remain contended to this day

This short paper aims to address some of the most contentious issues of these events happened near Aghdam.

Nagorno-Karabakh Referendum 2017: Observation Mission Report

The present full report has been drafted on the basis of the “Interim conclusion of the
Referendum Observation Mission in Nagorno-Karabakh/ Artsakh”1 published by European
Friends of Armenia (EuFoA). Moreover, it includes research and input from sources which we contacted after the referendum.

Armenia 2017: An introduction to the party-political landscape

EuFoA publishes new guide Armenia 2017: An introduction to the party-political landscape


For five years, the first version of this guide was used extensively by EU officials, election observers, international academics and journalists. Several of these asked us to prepare a new version for the upcoming elections, reflecting all the recent changes. Answering that demand, we are now providing a brief summary for each Armenian political force running in the elections of 2 April, including the new formations, providing:


  • key background on the party’s (or bloc’s) history, composition and leaders
  • party program, with a focus on economic policy and foreign policy
  • a special view on EU policies and affiliations


The guide also offers a short and understandable introduction to the new Armenian electoral code, which in itself is quite complex but also an exciting change over the past semi-proportional system.

Interim conclusion of the Referendum Observation Mission in Nagorno-Karabakh/ Artsakh


Today, European Friends of Armenia ( publishes its report about the referendum observation mission in Nagorno Karabakh / Artsakh Republic. The referendum on 20 February 2017 changes the local constitution to a strongly presidential system, and changes the name from formerly “Nagorno Karabakh Republic (Artsakh)” to “Artsakh Republic (Nagorno Karabakh)”.

The interim report is available on our website today, in English and Armenian.


New poll in Nagorno-Karabakh shows highest support for independence

BRUSSELS, 17/11/2016 – New figures confirm that security is the main concern for the people of Nagorno-Karabakh, and that combined support for independence or unification with Armenia grows from 91.7% in 2015 to 95.1% in 2016.

European values and the Syrian exodus: EU, Armenia and the neighbours’ response

European Friends of Armenia published a paper which analyses the response of the European Union, Armenia and countries in the Middle East to the Syrian refugee crisis. The study shows that by basing its approach on solidarity Armenia has demonstrated it truly does embody European values.

“Neutrality as an effective myth: An analysis of Thomas de Waal’s explicit and implicit positions on the Karabakh Conflict”

An English summary of a paper published in German, written by an independent scholar and PhD candidate Christian Kolter, who has spent one year in Stepanakert (Nagorno-Karabakh) thanks to the EuFoA-funded Karabakh Research Fellowship. In this paper he analyses Thomas de Waal’s book “Black Garden: Armenia and Azerbaijan Through Peace and War”.

EU-Armenia relations: future developments and prospects

EuFoA’s latest paper on EU-Armenia relations with a special focus on future developments. A draft version of the document has been discussed during an EuFoA-supported Centre of European Studies event “The Future of EU-Armenia relations: what’s next?” on 12 February. EuFoA’s Director Eduardo Lorenzo Ochoa was one of the keynote speakers alongside MEP Frank Engel (Member of the Europe-Armenia Advisory Council) and Gunnar Wiegand (Director for Russia, Eastern Neighbourhood, Central Asia and OSCE, EEAS).

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June 2024