The EU cooperates with Armenia in the framework of the European Neighbourhood Policy and the Eastern Partnership, the key goal of which, is to support economic progress and political stability..
The official launch of negotiations for a new EU-Armenia agreement aimed to replace the EU-Armenia Partnership and Cooperation agreement, in place since 1999, commenced in December 2015. Negotiations on the Comprehensive and Enhanced Partnership Agreement were concluded in late February 2017 and the agreement was formally initialled on 21 March 2017.
EU financial cooperation
The European Neighbourhood Instrument (ENI) is the key EU financial instrument dedicated to the Neighbourhood for the period 2014-2020. It replaces the European Neighbourhood and Partnership Instrument (ENPI) of 2007-2013.
The total EU assistance to Armenia amounts to over €500 million since 1992 and the annual support has been growing progressively over the years. The budget for Armenia under the Single Support Framework 2014-2017 will range from €140 million to a maximum of €170 million, depending on the country’s needs and commitment to reforms.
The EU priorities in Armenia focus on:
- Private sector development
- Public administration reform
- Justice sector reform
The Mobility Partnership with Armenia was signed in 2011. Both sides committed to improve the mobility of people in both directions, whilst working to ensure a better management of migration flows, including preventing and reducing irregular immigration. The EU-Armenia Visa Facilitation and Readmission Agreements were signed and entered into force in January 2014. During the Council on the Eastern Partnership in November 2016, the EU announced the possible opening of a dialogue on Visa Facilitation with Armenia.
EU-Armenia bilateral trade relations are currently regulated by the Partnership and Cooperation Agreement of 1999.
The EU is first export destination for Armenian products, and one of Armenia’s main trading partners.
The EU imports from Armenia mainly manufactured goods, raw materials, various manufactured articles, beverages and tobacco.
EU exports to Armenia consist of machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, various manufactured articles and chemicals.
Innovation and competitiveness (Horizon2020)
Horizon 2020 is the biggest EU Research and Innovation programme ever with nearly €80 billion of funding available over 7 years (2014 to 2020) – in addition to the private investment that this money will attract. It promises more breakthroughs, discoveries and world-firsts by taking great ideas from the lab to the market. Since May 2016, Armenia has joined the Horizon 2020 allowing Armenian researches and innovators to compete for these funds under the same terms as their EU counterparts.
Young people involved in EU programmes
There are 21 ongoing Tempus programmes in Armenia, with approximately 800 students and staff of Armenian universities who participated in Erasmus Mundus projects and Erasmus Mundus Joint Master Degree Programs over the period 2004-2014. Additionally, there are 5 Eramus + Capacity Building projects involving of 22 Armenian universities and 31 other organisations. Armenia also participated in the eTwinning plus action, which included 23 schools.
EU’s relation with EU Eastern and Southern Neighborhoods
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